Every human being is unique. That is because our DNA is a one-of-a-kind mix, and no two people are born with the same set of genes. Furthermore, we all have our personalities and physical characteristics that differentiate us from everyone else around us. Some individuals, however, have extra special attributes that amaze everyone who sees them. A baby can be born with an infinite number of naturally occurring variations, such as surplus joints or webbed feet, to name a few. The Internet has made it easier for those with unique body parts to share their stories with the world. We put together a list of pictures that features people with rare physical characteristics that will pique your curiosity.
This Thumb Has an Extra Falange
At first glance, you might think that this person has too many fingers on their hand. They have five fingers, but their thumb is not like everyone else's. They have a triphalangeal thumb, which has an extra joint. It makes the finger a lot longer than the average person's. It probably does not cause them many issues, making it harder to grab items.
Nevertheless, an extra-long thumb can also have its unique uses. It is probably better at taking care of nose itches than a regular-sized one. Would you like to have one of these?
Port-Wine Stains Appear at Birth Because of a Capillary Malformation
Port-wine stains, or nevus flammeus, as it is the medical term, are not uncommon. They are caused by a capillary malformation that discolors the skin and forms those purple-reddish stains. They appear most frequently on the face but can also appear on the neck, upper trunk, arms, and legs. Early stains are usually flat and pink, but as the person grows, the color may deepen to a dark red or purplish color.
This individual's stain took up most of their hand. That shade is quite beautiful, but it probably makes it hard to color-coordinate their clothes or find the right foundation shade.
Some People Are Born With Two Pupils
You might think that having two pupils would make you see better, but it makes your vision worse. The condition is called polycoria, which affects the iris, creating two openings instead of one. Although it is infrequent, people with polycoria suffer from decreased vision because their pupils and retina are less effective. It often takes years to diagnose correctly, but it is believed to be congenital.
A curious fact about those with two pupils is that they usually have abnormally long eyelashes. Experts do not know for sure what causes polycoria, but there are treatments available.
Polydactyly Is the Condition of Having More Than Five Fingers in One Hand
Having more than five fingers is not exactly rare, but it is not common either. These extra digits are frequently small pieces of soft tissue that are easily removable, but on rare occasions, they can have bones, and in even rarer cases, they can be a completely functioning finger with joints. They are most likely to appear on the little finger, or ulnar, side of the hand.
They are far less common on the thumb, or radial, side and very rarely within the middle three digits. The condition is called polydactyly and does not generally affect the person's quality of life.
A Condition Called Giant Congenital Melanocytic Nevus Causes Spots to Appear All Over the Body
Being born with noticeable blemishes such as large moles or patches of different colored skin can attract stares and mocks from others. This is unfortunate since it is not something that can be removed or covered easily. The woman in this picture is Evita Delmundo, a beauty queen from Malaysia that competed in the Miss Universe pageant. She has giant congenital melanocytic nevus, which causes moles to appear all over her body.
They generally present as brown lesions with flat or slightly rugged surfaces and well-demarcated edges. People with her unique skin are born with the spots and have them for their entire lives.
Waardenburg Syndrome Is a Genetic Condition That Causes Several Symptoms
Waardenburg syndrome is usually passed on in families and is triggered by a defect in specific genes. The most common symptoms are hearing loss, constipation, and partial albinism or loss of color in hair, eyes, or skin. Many people with this syndrome also have wide-set eyes or a wider nose bridge. They frequently have white patches of hair, as this person does, which makes for an exciting look.
If the hearing loss is adequately addressed and treated, people with Waardenburg syndrome mostly lead regular lives. Most children born with it are likely to have a parent with that diagnosis.
This Person Was Born Without a Pinky
We have previously mentioned that some people are born with more than five fingers on one hand, but some are born with less than five. This condition is called oligodactyly, from Ancient Greek oligos, meaning 'few,' and daktylos, meaning 'finger.' Having a lower number of digits can make some actions harder, but it mostly depends on which one is missing. If it is the thumb, then grabbing items will become complicated.
However, if the pinky finger is the one missing, as in this person's case, they will probably have no issues grabbing objects. It is only a quirk that sets them apart.
Many People Have Patches of Hair That Are Discolored or Without Pigment
There are many animals that have different colored coats. Take horses, for example. It is common for them to have spots of white on their hair and manes. Have you ever wondered whether humans could also be born with different colored hair? As it turns out, we can. It is a condition called poliosis, characterized by the decrease or absence of melanin in a particular area of the hair.
Melanin is what gives color to our skin, eyes, and hair. These white or discolored patches can be congenital or appear later in life because of sickness or stress.
Your Pupil Can Become Off-Centered Because of a Brain Injury
The human eye is a very complex organ and is made up of many tiny nerves and muscles. Our pupils are kept in one place by these muscles, but in some people, they can become off-centered. The medical term for a de-centered pupil is corectopia, and several things can cause it. Some are born with it, but it can also develop after a severe brain injury.
It can also be the result of trauma to the eye and is likely to be permanent. The good news is that it does not generally affect the pupil's function.
There Are Many Possible Explanations About Why This Person's Skin Is so Stretchy
Sometimes, your skin can seem infinitely stretchy, but it is not. If forced to expand too much, it can lose its ability to shrink back. That is why people who lose a lot of weight can sometimes be left with extra folds in different parts of their bodies. Then again, certain medical conditions can also cause loose skin. One is Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, which can cause stretchy neck folds like these.
We do not know exactly why this person can do that with their neck skin. Nevertheless, if they were to have Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, they would also have very flexible joints.
Not Having a Bone Joint Is a Form of Aplasia
Aplasia is a medical term that refers to any congenital issue where an organ or tissue is absent. This person, for example, has a missing joint in their thumb. Because of this, they probably cannot bend their finger as most people can. Although it is not a particularly problematic issue, it probably makes it harder to grip objects. You can see that it also makes the appendage smooth.
We wonder why the skin develops without wrinkles like that. The human body is truly mesmerizing in its ability to develop in unique ways according to each individual.
This Person's Veins Spell Out "Hi"
If you stare at the back of your hands long enough, you might begin to see words forming. No, you are probably not crazy; it is just that your veins may be arranged in a way that they look like letters. If you make a fist and squeeze hard, you might be able to see them and figure out their hidden message. That is if your veins are thick enough to swell.
Unfortunately, some people's veins are too small or thin and do not show up clearly, no matter how hard they squeeze. This person certainly does not have that issue.
Hyperhidrosis Is a Condition That Makes People Sweat Excessively
Sweating is an essential mechanism that keeps us from overheating. However, it can be embarrassing and uncomfortable. A few unlucky people have hyperhidrosis, characterized by excessive sweating that is not necessarily related to heat or exercise. In severe cases, as this picture shows, they can sweat so much that it drips off their hands. It does not cause health issues, but it can be uncomfortable.
Several treatments are available, but their effectiveness depends on how severe the hyperhidrosis is. If prescription-strength antiperspirants do not work, people can opt to get botox injections or even remove their sweat glands entirely.
The Skin Grafts on Their Fingers Started Growing Hair
If a person gets severely injured, they can lose too much skin for doctors to close the wound properly. In those cases, they usually cut a portion of healthy skin from another part of the patient's body and attach it to the site. That way, the new flap can grow over the hole and heal the injury. Burn victims, in particular, usually require several new skin grafts, as this procedure is called.
Nevertheless, it is essential for doctors to source the graft from a section that does not grow coarse body hair. Otherwise, the patient may end up with fuzzy fingers as this person did.
If You Have Nerve Damage on Your Finger, It Will Not Prune
Have you ever spent too much time in the bathtub or the pool and found that your fingers had wrinkled? This natural reaction gives you a better grip because it allows water to run off easier. It is a spontaneous reflex and does not necessarily depend on how much time you spend submerged in water. Nerve damage can stop this effect from occurring, as seen in the picture.
The owner of this hand mentioned that they had nerve damage in one of their fingers and that they could tell because it did not prune when they got into the water.
Rehabilitation Is Important After Rupturing the Achilles Tendon
The most critical part of recovery is the rehabilitation process when it comes to physical injuries such as bone fractures or ligament tears. The only way to regain full mobility in most cases is to stick to a routine and push yourself a little bit more every day. Rupturing your Achilles tendon is terrible and can require fixing surgery, but getting proper physical therapy in those cases is crucial.
Otherwise, you might never regain full movement of the joint. This person either broke it recently or was not correctly rehabilitating the tendon, given how their calf muscle looks.
These Are Not Teeth, but Bony Growths Called Torus Mandibularis
These might look like an extra set of teeth, but they are not. They are a type of bony growth that appears near the premolars called torus mandibularis. Curiously, it shows up more frequently in Asian and Inuit populations. However, tori is not believed to be a purely genetic condition but can be brought about by bruxism and other stresses to the area. They do not usually require treatment.
They can be removed with surgery if they become a problem, but are usually left there since they do not present a health risk. They can be uncomfortable, though.
Both Father and Son Have the Same Webbed Toes
Some physical anomalies are genetic, meaning they get passed on from parent to child. This does not mean that if the father has an extra digit, the son or daughter will have one, but it does increase their chances of being born with polydactyly. The same principle applies to webbed toes, although it is a much more common malformation. This father realized that his son had inherited his trait.
Is it not adorable? Do not worry about the peeling skin. That is normal in newborns, and those feet look small enough to belong to a very tiny baby.
We Have No Idea Why This Person's Teeth Have Stripes
Getting your wisdom teeth removed is a pain, in the literal sense. Sometimes, they are so stuck that dentists must apply considerable force to take them out. That can cause increased swelling and pain and make your head look like a balloon. A positive side is that you will probably get to have plenty of ice cream, although you will not be able to eat solids for a few days.
What is more, you might be pleasantly surprised to find your wisdom teeth have actual stripes. This person was undoubtedly excited to see it. We wonder why that happened.
Being Born Without a Joint in Your Index Finger Is No Big Deal
It can feel cool to be able to do something that no one else can. The opposite can also be true. Take this person, for example. They might be missing a joint in their index finger, but that does not stop them from feeling special. In addition, this unique characteristic does not really affect the performance of their hands, so there is no reason to even feel self-conscious about it.
These are the features that make every human one of a kind. Although they are referred to as "malformations" most of the time, there is nothing inherently wrong with them.
This Person Was Born With Only Four Fingers in One Hand
Getting an extra finger feels like nature awarded you a bonus, but getting one less is not the same. Being born without a thumb can complicate life in many ways, making it harder to hold on to objects. This person was born with only four digits in one of their hands, but since the pinky was the one missing, we do not think that it presented much of an issue.
Still, mother nature was feeling thrifty at the time of their birth. Just kidding. This is a random defect that some people have since birth, and there is nothing wrong with it.
A Mole Made This Persons' Iris Multicolored
Almost everyone on earth has moles in some part of their bodies. Nevertheless, some appear in stranger locations than others. This person has one in their eye, and it causes them to have a two-colored iris. There are times when chance ends up making a very cool effect, as in this case. How awesome would it be to have multi-colored eyes? Nobody would forget about you because of your unique features.
They are actually considered to be freckles, not moles, and can also appear after excessive exposure to the sun. Like skin blemishes, they must be checked for cancer regularly.
Having a Split Uvula Can Make It Hard to Speak and Eat Properly
Not many people know this, but the little dangling piece of flesh at the back of your throat serves many different purposes. It is called the uvula and helps the soft palate close when you eat and drink, so nothing goes to your airway. It also allows you to enunciate several words and sounds correctly. This person was born with a split or bifid uvula, which can cause several problems.
Those born with a bifid uvula can have difficulty keeping food and liquids from entering their nose. Any drinks or particles that go down their breathing tubes can be dangerous.
This Person Was Born With a Snag in Their Iris
Eyes come in all shapes, sizes, and colors. They can even come in more than one color if someone has a mole or a freckle inside their iris. Having different-sized pupils is also possible, although that can cause vision loss. This person was born with a tiny scar on their iris. It almost looks as if the colored part of the eye got snagged. That looks pretty interesting, right?
In the original Reddit post, they mentioned that the tiny anomaly did not affect their vision at all. We wonder what causes those small changes in the eye.
The Shorter Big Toes Makes These Feet Look Like a Caveman's
For some reason, society decided that the standard to have beautiful toes was to have them arranged in descending order, with the big toe being the tallest. This does not make sense because, if you think about it, not that many people have perfectly proportionate toes. We would even dare to say that most people have a longer second toe than a big one, but we are no experts.
At least this person has symmetrical feet, which not everyone has. Both have a stockier big toe, giving them a caveman-like look. Nobody should be judged by their feet, though.
People With Heterochromia Are Extremely Rare
Although human eyes have endless variations in color, size, and shape, they are generally the same color. Nevertheless, a select few people worldwide have different shades of irises. This condition is called heterochromia, and it does not necessarily bring any health problems associated with it. It is much more common in dogs, especially breeds like Husky or Australian shepherd. In humans, it is incredibly rare.
The color difference is usually due to a lack of melanin in one of the irises. In this person's case, the blue eye is the one without pigment.
It Is Pretty Common to Have Fused Second and Third Toes
Having webbed toes is pretty standard. The scientific name for the condition is syndactyly, although this term covers both webbed fingers and toes. As the baby develops in the womb, specific cells are programmed to die off at a certain point, including those that keep the toes together. Sometimes, this process can be incomplete, and those cells never turn off, which is why the baby is born with fused toes.
It happens more frequently between the second and third toes, as in this person's case. It is so common that even some celebrities like Ashton Kutcher have it.
Albinism Means That You Have No Pigment in Your Skin, Hair, or Eyes
Albinism is a unique condition that humans of all races can have. It affects the production of melanin, the pigment that colors skin, hair, and eyes. People can be born with a reduced amount of melanin or none. Interestingly, the lack of pigment can affect eyesight and make the skin very sensitive to burning. Those with albinism usually have white hair and blue or even red eyes.
There are two types of albinism: oculocutaneous albinism, the most common type, and ocular albinism. The first affects the skin, hair, and eyes, while the second mainly affects the eyes.
Vitiligo Is an Auto-Immune Condition Where the Body Attacks Pigment Cells
We have mentioned that people with heterochromia have different colored irises. Skin conditions such as vitiligo can also cause someone to have mismatched eyes. Vitiligo causes white or discolored patches on the skin because the individual's immune system starts attacking the cells that give the skin, eyes, and hair pigment, called melanocytes. It usually appears on the hands, face, and around body openings and genitals.
Several well-known celebrities have this condition, including model Winnie Harlow. Michael Jackson claimed that vitiligo was why his skin was lighter.
A Baby in China Was Born With Fifteen Fingers and Sixteen Toes
Believe it or not, in 2016, a baby was born in China with sixteen toes and fifteen fingers. This case of polydactyly was extremely rare since most people with polydactyly are born with underdeveloped fingers with no bones. This child had all the proper phalanges and joints, which made the case one of a kind. Since the infant had so many surplus fingers and toes, the parents decided to get them removed.
Curiously, the baby's mother also has six fingers and six toes. Furthermore, the child was born with no thumbs or big toes, but doctors plan to reconstruct them from the extra digits.
This Type of Colored Stripe Is Called Melanonychia
If you have a similar stripe underneath your fingernail, it might be a good idea to get it checked out. These stripes are called melanonychia and can appear on your fingernails or toenails. In people with darker complexions, they can occur naturally. There are two types of melanonychia. One is caused by melanocytic activation, where more melanin is produced, but there are no increased pigment cells. The other is caused by melanocytic hyperplasia.
The melanocytic hyperplasia type does feature increased pigment cells. In any case, it is best to consult a dermatologist about this issue since they can become cancerous.
A Young Child Has a Patch of Darker-Colored Hair
Have you ever wondered why dogs come with spotted hair but humans cannot? In reality, humans can be born with patches of different colored hair. This is another form of heterochromia, the same condition that causes some individuals to have mismatched eyes. This young child's dark spot of hair is caused by having different levels of melanin in some hair follicles. Those strands naturally grow darker.
How cool is it for a toddler to have spotted hair as this one does? We bet the parents were surprised to see that their child had multi-colored hair.
Those With Adermatoglyphia Are Born Without Fingerprints
There are many reasons why a person might not have fingerprints, but most are likely a consequence of trauma. Only one condition causes humans to be born without any ridges on the feet or fingers, called adermatoglyphia. It is a genetic variation that, although rare, is usually passed on in families. It has also been associated with decreased sweat glands in the hands.
Having no fingerprints seems like the perfect excuse to become a master criminal. Nevertheless, it only brings problems since it makes it much more complicated to verify your identity.
Being Born Without Knuckles Can Make It Hard to Grab Objects
Having two joints in our fingers allows us to do many things, such as form a fist or grab items. What about those who only have one joint? A child is much more likely to be born without some fingers than to be born without knuckles, but it is still possible. This person is one of the rare few missing the middle joint in all of their fingers.
Their unique anatomy probably makes it hard to hold stuff or carry out activities that involve grabbing onto ropes or handles. Nevertheless, they are perfectly capable of leading normal lives.
Holt-Oran Syndrome Causes Bone Abnormalities and Congenital Heart Issues
Most malformations involve an issue during the fetus's development in the womb. However, in some cases, they are connected to genetic syndromes. An example of a genetic condition that affects bone growth is Holt-Oran syndrome. It causes wrist bone abnormalities and can also bring about issues with the development of upper arm bones. Having fewer bones can bring problems, but people can usually live full and happy lives.
The bad news is that Holt-Oram syndrome also causes congenital heart problems in about seventy-five percent of diagnosed individuals. The same gene that affects bone development also affects the heart.
Eyelashes Can Get Discolored Patches Just Like Skin or Head Hair
Not one individual has the same hair color as another. There are always differences in tone, thickness, color, and even shape. This applies to all types of hair, including eyelashes or eyebrows, which can lose their original pigment. Different colored patches are not limited to appearing on the head. The same conditions that cause them in other parts of the body can cause discoloration on the eyelashes.
This person has eyelashes that grow in more than one shade. Finding a mascara that matches both tones can be tricky, but otherwise, it presents no major issues.
This Person's Abdominal Hair Pattern Does Not Align With Their Bellybutton
Most of the hair on our body grows in patterns, which are common to all mammal species. That is right, humans share physical characteristics with other species of animals, but that is beside the point. In the case of abdominal hair, it can grow in four ways: horizontal, sagittal, acuminate, or disperse. This person's hair follows a sagittal pattern because they have a strip connecting the pubic area to the chest.
We have no idea why that line is not centered, though. Of course, this is only an aesthetic quirk and does not affect their bodily functions in any way.
Some People's Baby Teeth Never Fall off and Need to Be Removed
Teeth are another body part that is unique to each individual. It is common for people to have more teeth than average, and fewer are possible. In addition, some are born with a regular set of teeth, but the milk ones never fall off. That can become problematic because having additional chompers can crowd your mouth and affect the way you bite. In those cases, they need to be removed.
All in all, having to get one baby tooth taken out is not among the worst things that can happen. Imagine having an entire extra set of them.
Raynaud's Phenomenon Makes People's Fingers Go Completely White
You might have noticed that your extremities turn pale after exposure to cold temperatures. This is a natural reaction and can be observed in most people. However, those individuals who suffer from Raynaud's phenomenon experience much more drastic changes in circulation when they come in contact with cold air. Their fingers can turn utterly white as if they had lost all blood circulation in that area.
This picture illustrates it perfectly. It is not a faint discoloration that quickly goes back to normal after you warm up, it is a sudden loss of blood supply to the finger.
Their Super Power Is to Make Their Chin Look Like a Nose
It is always fun to stumble upon a picture meant to create a visual effect while you are surfing the Internet. There was a short period when social media users enjoyed employing clever camera angles to trick others into believing that they were seeing one body part when the photograph depicted something else. From sausages that look like legs to chins that look like noses, the Internet has it all.
Here is an example of how you can make your chin look like a nose. Nevertheless, we believe that you would need to have a particular bone structure to succeed in this.
Father and Daughter Share the Same Finger Gap
Genetics are amazing. It is unbelievable how even the most minor features can be passed down from parent to child. In some families, members closely resemble each other, but in others, the progenitors look nothing like their sons and daughters. This father and daughter duo might not look similar at first glance, but if you look closely at the spacing between their fingers, you can see they are related.
Did you see it? They both share the same finger gap. That is surely a small detail to have in common. People say that the truth is in the details, and genetics prove it.
It Is Very Common to Be Born With Extra Teeth
Some extra body parts are easily identifiable because they are visible from the outside, such as extra limbs. However, there are cases when the surplus parts are hidden inside the body. In those cases, the person may not even know they have it unless they get an x-ray or a CT scan. This individual, for example, only realized they had an additional tooth when they went to the dentist.
You can see on the x-ray that there is an extra square-like bone underneath their regular teeth. Unfortunately for them, it will likely need to be removed with surgery.
It Is Possible to Have Heterochromia in Your Hair
We have previously touched on how having different colored eyes is a form of heterochromia, but it can also affect hair. There are several reasons why people can have hairs that are not the same shade as the rest, such as iron deficiency, anemia, genetic mutations, or mosaicism. That said, if there is no discoloration of the skin underneath and the strand is the same color all the way through, it is heterochromia.
This individual has the condition on their beard. Half of it is ginger, and half is brown. It looks pretty cool. Could this be the beginning of a trend?
They Had an Extra Crease but No Extra Joint
Have you ever wondered why the joints that connect the different phalanges have creases? It probably has to do with facilitating the bending movement, but what would happen if someone had a proper working joint but no crease? We have no idea. What we do know is that you can have a surplus crease without having a surplus joint. This phenomenon is not uncommon and usually appears in the pinky.
This person's extra fold divides the finger into four parts instead of the average three. However, it does not make any sort of difference as regards function.
Each Hand Has a Separate Length Pattern
Symmetry is everywhere in nature, even in the human body. If you were to vertically transverse a human, you would find that although the two halves are not identical, they bear a significant resemblance. Furthermore, if you look closely at your hands and feet, you will probably see that the fingers are similar, unless you are like this person and have different finger lengths.
Although it is not uncommon to have non-symmetrical finger lengths on each hand, most people's digits follow the same sizing pattern in both extremities. This is not the case, though.